Nanoparticle Synthesis: Biological route, Characterization and Applications
T. Ashokkumar, K. Vijayaraghavan
About this Book
The Recent development in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology is escalating the demand of nanomaterials. Nanotechnology is the creation and utilization of materials, devices and systems through the control of matter on the nanometer-length scale. Nanoparticles exhibit unique physical, chemical, and biological properties that enable them to find potential applications in various fields. Accordingly, significant research attention is being given to the development of novel strategies for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Among these, biological route of nanoparticle synthesis has been portrayed as an efficient, low-cost and environmental friendly technique. Biological materials such as bacteria, fungi, yeast, algae and plant have been reported to possess high bioreduction ability to synthesize various size and shape of metallic nanoparticles. Of these biomaterials, this book focuses on plant-mediated biosynthesis of metallic and metal oxide nanoparticles. The biomolecules present in the plants such as terpenoids, flavones, ketones, aldehydes, proteins, amino acids, vitamins, alkaloids, tannins, phenolics, saponins, and polysaccharides play a vital role in reduction of metals. A systematic comparison of literature, based on the bioreduction capacity of various plant biomass/extract towards various metals under different experimental conditions, is also provided. Various instrumental techniques utilized to characterize nanoparticles are also discussed. Finally, this book also highlights the application of biosynthesized nanoparticles in different fields such as medicine, agriculture, electronics, catalytic, cosmetic, environmental and food. Thus, this book contains the current status of biosynthesis, characterization and applications of nanomaterials, it hopes to provide insights into this exciting research frontier.